The Danish gambling model was established in the postwar period. Gambling authorities considered gambling a necessary evil, and decided that what cannot be eradicated, must be led. So in 1948 Dansk Tipstjeneste Company acquired a monopoly in this field. 80% of the company’s shares belonged to the state, 10% went to the Federation of Sports and Gymnastics and Sports Association accordingly. Later, the company received its current name Danske Spil and acquired subsidiaries, created for separate gambling branches.
But the principle of gambling remained the same: all the innovations in the gaming industry were monopolised by the state. Moreover, Danske Spil used to stick a plan and invest funds into preliminarily defined initiatives, mainly represented by culture, sports and other socially important projects.
While lotteries and betting institutions were fully in charge of a state-owned corporation, casinos were legalised only in 1990, and became available to private business, though for a limited number of them and under strict control. Since then only 6 casinos were registered, all on a competitive basis. The competition was opened for a foreign capital, but only through creation of joint companies with Danish co-founders.
As a result of tender for opening a casino in Helsingor Holland Casino corporation was empowered to launch the business. The partner of the Dutch giant became a hotel Marienlyst, housing the institution. In Aarhus, the casino was opened by German operator Bad Neuenahr, the hotel Royal was chosen. Casinos Austria”, one of the European industry leaders, has managed to acquired three licenses.
In 1991 the corporation opened a casino in the hotels Munkebjerg Vejle and Radisson SAS Scandinavia. Casino Copenhagen has become the largest in Northern Europe: the area of 30 thousand square meters accommodates 21 gaming table and 180 slot machines. The third casino was opened in the hotel Radisson SAS HC Andersen in Odense, in cooperation with Andersen Congress Center. Finally, another gambling institution appeared in Aalborg.
Currently, all the regulation and control functions were transferred to the Ministry of Justice. It has established a number of limitations: thus, a gambling house can operate no more than 14 hours a day (from 2:00 to 16:00), the minimum price of admission or alternative in the form of membership cards for a period from a couple of weeks to a year, the approval of the ‘tips’ left for the staff, as well as the mandatory identification of customers and a minimum age limit of 18 years.
In the late 90s the process of gambling modernisation was launched. The Ministry of Taxes and Duties proposed a number of re-commendations in 2001 which were consolidated in the report ‘The future of gambling in Denmark – the need for unification of the gambling legislation’. The basic meaning of the document was the need for stricter requirements. The online sphere was not forgotten, as banks were advised not to carry out credit card transactions with gaming sites. Nowadays online gambling is partially legalised, after the adoption of a law in 2012. As reported on website Apnet – online casino gambling professionals in Sweden, running, indubitably, one of the most comprehensive review databases of European casinos, the income rocketed by 60% after the adoption of new rules (in comparison with the previous year).